我们是位于中国大陆的民间人权机构民生观察（Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch,CRLW），多年来，我们致力于关注中国底层民众和异议人士包括基本生存权在内的各种人权遭侵犯问题。通过我们的观察，我们发现中国大陆存在下列人权问题：
Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch, CRLW
Recommendations on China’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on 9 February 2009
4 February 2009
To: United Nations Human Rights Council
Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch (CRLW) is a civil society based in Mainland China. For many years, we have been concerned about the situation of grassroots and dissidents, including various human rights abuse problems they are facing and their right to survival. From our observation, we have discovered the following human rights concerns that we would like to bring to your attention.
1. Mental persecution is serious in Mainland China. What we mean by mental persecution refers to normal citizens being forced to admit to mental hospitals without personal and family consent. The mainland Chinese government even set up the “Ankang hospitals” (安康医院) under the administration of public security as the agencies to forcibly admit “mental patients”. In addition, many local mental hospitals follow the commands of the local government and public security agencies by putting a number of normal people into the hospitals, restricting their freedom and forcing them to take medicine. CRLW issued a report on 10 October 2008 compiling 100 cases of mental persecution in mainland China. Among those who suffered mental persecution were dissidents and pro-democracy activists, such as Wang Wanxing (王万星) from Beijing who was kept in a mental hospital for 13 years. Due to the emergence of the tide of petitioners, the authorities resorted to use the mental hospitals to detain the petitioners so as to deter their rights defense actions. Some of those detained in the mental hospital were subjected to various forms of torture, including beating and beating with electric batons. For example, Hu Guohong (胡国红), a laid-off state-owned enterprise worker from Wuhan city, Hubei province, was detained in a mental hospital in Wuhan during the 2008 Beijing Olympics. He was tied up and beaten by electric batons.
2. Several million teachers were illegally dismissed with no social security. Teachers of privately-run (民办) schools and supply teachers first appeared in mainland China in the 1950s under a special employment system. They have been teaching in the rural village schools for long. Some of them have been teaching 20 or 30 years, while some even have taught for more than 40 years. They were all accredited with the qualification of teaching by the education authorities. However, the Chinese government have laid off many of them since late 1990s but refused to solve their pension problems among others. Many of them were forced to return their home jobless at the age near to retirement. Their right to survival was thus very much affected, leaving them with no pension and medical insurance at old age. In recent years, CRLW have contacted some of these teachers from more than a dozen provinces. We estimated that the number of laid-off teachers should be about several million. These teachers have been petitioning for many years, but the government still could not resolve their problems.
3. Violent land evictions. In recent years, as China’s economy was developing rapidly, it has emerged a phenomenon that many residents in the cities were forcibly evicted for redevelopment. In the course of eviction, many affected residents refused to move away as they always could not receive any reasonable compensation. As a result, the local government used the police and unidentified thugs to forcibly bulldoze the residents’ houses. When the residents resisted, they would end up being beaten. Thus, there have been many bloodshed land eviction cases in mainland China.
4. Farmers losing farmlands. Also because of economic development, many farmlands were taken away for redevelopment. When the farmers could not receive reasonable compensation and resisted, they were always attacked. There were many cases of farmers being beaten to serious injuries or even to death.
5. Petitioners. In recent years, the tide of petitioners had been increasing. These ordinary people were trying hard to seeking redress of their own problems from various levels of governments, but they were often considered damaging national “stability”. Thus, they were always stopped and beaten when they petitioned. Some of them were even illegally detained and forced to attend some so-called “lessons” and “law lessons”. Some petitioners were sentenced to re-education through labour or imprisonment for their petitions.
Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch (CRLW)
Tel. no.: 0722—3588161