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民生观察就中国人权状况致联合国人权理事会的         ★★★
民生观察就中国人权状况致联合国人权理事会的
作者:民生编辑1 文章来源:本站原创 更新时间:2009-02-10 15:30

注:联合国人权理事会普遍定期审议机制,2月9日首次审议中国人权状况前夕,民生观察工作室撰写了这份建议书,委托中国维权律师关注组的潘嘉伟先生带至日内瓦,向各人权机构和各国代表散发、游说,该建议书同时送达欧盟驻北京办事处等组织的人权部门。

 

联合国人权理事会:

我们是位于中国大陆的民间人权机构民生观察(Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch,CRLW),多年来,我们致力于关注中国底层民众和异议人士包括基本生存权在内的各种人权遭侵犯问题。通过我们的观察,我们发现中国大陆存在下列人权问题:

 

1、  大陆精神迫害现象严重。所谓精神迫害问题,指未经当事人及其家人同意,强行将正常公民送进精神病院。大陆为此在公安系统设置了名为安康医院的精神病人强制收治机构。除此之外,大量地方精神病院也接受政府和公安部门的指令,将众多正常人关进医院限制其自由,并强迫他们吃药。

民生观察2008年10月10日发布了中国精神迫害案例汇编集,该汇编集收集了一百起遭受精神迫害的案例。在遭受精神迫害的人中,有异议人士、民主人士,如北京王万星被关精神病院十三年;随着中国上访潮的出现,当局用精神病院大量关押访民,试图用这种手段阻止访民维护自身权利的行动。一些被关进精神病院的人遭到殴打、电击等酷刑折磨。如湖北省武汉市的下岗工人胡国红在2008年奥运会期间被关进了武汉当地的精神病院,遭到捆绑电击。

2、  数百万教师被非法清退,没有社会保障。民办教师、代课教师是中国上世纪五十年代开始的特殊用工制度的产物,他们长期在中国农村基层学校执教,这些教师大都从教二、三十年时间,长的达到四十多年,他们都获得了当局颁发的教师资格,并获教育主管部门备案。但从上世纪未开始,中国将这些教师大量清退,并拒绝给他们解决养老等问题,造成这些教师在近退休年龄时被迫回家失去工作,现在是老无所养、病无所医,基本生存权没保障。

民生观察近年来接触到中国十余省份被清退教师,据推算全国被清退教师达数百万人。这些教师近年来上访维权不断,但当局至今对他们的问题不予解决。

3、  暴力拆迁问题。近年来,随着中国经济的快速发展,城市出现大量强拆居民房子的现象。在拆迁的过程中,经常有居民因未获合理补偿而拒绝搬迁,结果政府就动用警察、身份不明人员强行拆除居民房子。当居民反抗时,则招致殴打,中国因此发生过多起拆迁血案。

4、  失地农民问题。同样由于经济的发展,许多农民土地被征用。因为未获合理补偿,当农民进行抗争时,往往招致暴力攻击,有农民因此被打伤打残打死。

5、  访民问题。近年来中国出现上访潮,老百姓在到各级政府上访要求解决自身问题时,往往被认为损害了国家的“稳定”。他们因此在上访时不仅遭到截访殴打,被关进名为“学习班”、“法教班”的非法机构,还有访民因上访被劳教、判刑。

 

以上问题请联合国人权理事会和各国代表审议关注,谢谢。

 

                                      中国民生观察

                                      网址:www.msguancha.com

                                      联系电话:0722—3588161

                                      2009-2-4

建议书英文稿:

Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch, CRLW

Recommendations on China’s Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on 9 February 2009

 

                                                                                                         4 February 2009

 

To: United Nations Human Rights Council

 

Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch (CRLW) is a civil society based in Mainland China. For many years, we have been concerned about the situation of grassroots and dissidents, including various human rights abuse problems they are facing and their right to survival. From our observation, we have discovered the following human rights concerns that we would like to bring to your attention.

 

1.       Mental persecution is serious in Mainland China. What we mean by mental persecution refers to normal citizens being forced to admit to mental hospitals without personal and family consent. The mainland Chinese government even set up the “Ankang hospitals” (安康医院) under the administration of public security as the agencies to forcibly admit “mental patients”. In addition, many local mental hospitals follow the commands of the local government and public security agencies by putting a number of normal people into the hospitals, restricting their freedom and forcing them to take medicine. CRLW issued a report on 10 October 2008 compiling 100 cases of mental persecution in mainland China. Among those who suffered mental persecution were dissidents and pro-democracy activists, such as Wang Wanxing (王万星) from Beijing who was kept in a mental hospital for 13 years. Due to the emergence of the tide of petitioners, the authorities resorted to use the mental hospitals to detain the petitioners so as to deter their rights defense actions. Some of those detained in the mental hospital were subjected to various forms of torture, including beating and beating with electric batons. For example, Hu Guohong (胡国红), a laid-off state-owned enterprise worker from Wuhan city, Hubei province, was detained in a mental hospital in Wuhan during the 2008 Beijing Olympics. He was tied up and beaten by electric batons.

2.       Several million teachers were illegally dismissed with no social security. Teachers of privately-run (民办) schools and supply teachers first appeared in mainland China in the 1950s under a special employment system. They have been teaching in the rural village schools for long. Some of them have been teaching 20 or 30 years, while some even have taught for more than 40 years. They were all accredited with the qualification of teaching by the education authorities. However, the Chinese government have laid off many of them since late 1990s but refused to solve their pension problems among others. Many of them were forced to return their home jobless at the age near to retirement. Their right to survival was thus very much affected, leaving them with no pension and medical insurance at old age. In recent years, CRLW have contacted some of these teachers from more than a dozen provinces. We estimated that the number of laid-off teachers should be about several million. These teachers have been petitioning for many years, but the government still could not resolve their problems.

3.       Violent land evictions. In recent years, as China’s economy was developing rapidly, it has emerged a phenomenon that many residents in the cities were forcibly evicted for redevelopment. In the course of eviction, many affected residents refused to move away as they always could not receive any reasonable compensation. As a result, the local government used the police and unidentified thugs to forcibly bulldoze the residents’ houses. When the residents resisted, they would end up being beaten. Thus, there have been many bloodshed land eviction cases in mainland China.

4.       Farmers losing farmlands. Also because of economic development, many farmlands were taken away for redevelopment. When the farmers could not receive reasonable compensation and resisted, they were always attacked. There were many cases of farmers being beaten to serious injuries or even to death.

5.       Petitioners. In recent years, the tide of petitioners had been increasing. These ordinary people were trying hard to seeking redress of their own problems from various levels of governments, but they were often considered damaging national “stability”. Thus, they were always stopped and beaten when they petitioned. Some of them were even illegally detained and forced to attend some so-called “lessons” and “law lessons”. Some petitioners were sentenced to re-education through labour or imprisonment for their petitions.

 

 

Civil Rights and Livelihood Watch (CRLW)

Website: www.msguancha.com

Tel. no.: 0722—3588161

 

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